legislative gridlock, just how much leeway does president obama have in terms of pushing through his reform agenda? >> given this result, he certainly has less, anyway, but he is not in as real a gridlock that we would understand it in europe. the american system is different. it was not easy for mr. obama to convince the members of his own party, the democrats, to follow him. it will be more difficult to convince republicans and certainly those belonging to the tea party movement, but in the end, he is in a situation that many of his predecessors have been in, as well, mr. reagan, in particular, so it is not new. there is a pendulum swinging back, away from the party, moving it towards the opposition party. >> for many, it is a referendum on the first two years of obama. what does he need to do differently now?